Arte, Mujer y Memoria: Online Exhibition Museum of Latin American Art
For example, the comparison with the OECD appears limited by the fact that the Chilean indicator focusses on all employed individuals aged 15 years old, or above, whereas the OECD indicator covers the entire population between years. This caveat withstanding, the extent of the gap in Chile is wider than the OECD average. At nine hours, the gender gap in paid hours is less than half as large as the gender gap in unpaid hours. In the comparator Latin American countries, as well as the average of the OECD countries, the difference between the two gaps is significantly smaller. Mirroring the image of the adults’ representation, teenage girls do more unpaid work and teenage boys more paid work in Chile (Figure 1.13, Panel B). The gap in earnings between male and female employees is higher in Chile than elsewhere. One likely explanation for the larger gap implied by the ILO approach is that more women than men work in low paid part-time jobs.
If you are having trouble seeing or completing this challenge, this page may help. I’ve had friends that have been raped, or have had illegal abortions; they were so scared,” said Macarena Cortés, who runs a queer bar located next to Plaza Italia in Santiago, which has become a hotspot for feminist gatherings. Feminists say that Piñera’s rightwing government has done little to address women’s rights issues and has even further limited access for women to abort under the current restricted circumstances.
- After working for years with children, Díaz directed medical services for schools at the national level, advocating for obligatory school breakfast, a large-scale vaccination program in schools and kindergarten classes for underserved communities.
- Moreover, a slightly higher share of young women than men are university graduates.
- The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
- Chile ratified the United Nation’s Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in 1988, internationally declaring support for women’s human rights.
- A couple can also sign a legal agreement before marriage so that all assets continue to be owned by the one who brought them into the marriage.
Increasing female participation in the workforce generally could contribute up to $27 billion to Chile’s GDP. Hundreds of thousands of people were persecuted, tortured, and imprisoned and over 3,000 were murdered under General Augusto Pinochet. Women lost breadwinners when brothers, fathers, sons, and partners disappeared. Arpillera workshops were places https://alidoor.vn/brazil-ladies-dating-10-tips-on-how-to-date-brazilian-women/ where they applied domestic skills to create works that expressed their frustrations and highlighted collaborative responses to their situation. Women shared their trauma, collectively looked for answers, and created textiles to sell for basic sustenance. In this paper we have studied the circumstances of violence and the influence of social support in the mental health of a sample of 97 Chilean women. The results highlighted the importance of perceived social support on the health of women.
The compatibility of being a mother with a working life (“When a mother works for pay, children suffer”). As discussed in the second part of this report, the latter is an important aspect that gender-sensitive education aims to address (see the section on “Reducing gender stereotypes”). As women comprise a majority of the informal economy in Latin America and the Caribbean, this pandemic makes them more vulnerable to unemployment and poverty. The reforms announced are even more relevant now, as we consider the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on gender inequalities. She returned in 1979, graduated with a medical degree, eventually working with the Ministry of Health after Chile’s transition to democracy in 1990. In 2000, she was appointed Minister of Health, and two years later, Minister of Defense. In 2006, she served her first term as president of Chile and was later reelected in 2013.
ARGENTINA: Chilean Women
This chapter reviews the evidence on gender gaps in economic and educational outcomes in Chile and discusses the drivers https://latindate.org/south-american-women/chilean-women/ of these gaps. In addition to comparing Chile with other Latin American countries and the OECD, the chapter addresses the articulation of gender differences across socio-economic groups.
In addition, Molina stressed the role of women in the vote and their possibility of influencing the outcome of the plebiscite. In this respect, she recalled that in “2020, 7 and a half million people voted; almost 4 million of us were women”. In the opinion of Xiomara Molina, of the Permanent Assembly for the Legalization of Abortion, the new constitutional text “has to do with the construction of a society collectively with principles such as solidarity, equality and social justice”.
She said she had raised concerns at the start about a 50% cap on women which she suggested had been borne out. Please complete this reCAPTCHA to demonstrate that it’s you making the requests and not a robot.
She believed women should be educated, regardless of their socioeconomic status to have a more influentially productive role in society. A further factor that can contribute to differences in economic outcomes between men and women is the physical and social infrastructure and, related to this, the availability of labour-saving household technology. On the other hand, access to public infrastructure affects how safe people feel and hence their perception about what activities they can pursue. For example, if girls and women have https://newsalltime.info/cinema/16391 to cross poorly lit areas to get to school or to work, or if sexual harassment is common on public transport, they will avoid going out when it is dark or taking the bus. Insecurity limits the range of economic and leisure options open to women.
Chilean women also often feel subordinate to men due to these traditional belief systems, making women less likely to negotiate for the use of condoms. A study by Vivo Positivo showed that 85 percent of women living with HIV/AIDS reported that they had little to no education or information about HIV/AIDS until diagnosis. One key indicator of inequality between men and women is the gender pay gap.